Kent City Community Schools
Bylaws & Policies





The supervision of this District shall be conducted by the Board of Education, hereinafter sometimes referred to as the "Board", which is constituted and is governed by the Michigan Compiled Laws. (M.C.L. 380.1201 et seq.)


Revised 6/18/12



Board Powers


The District shall operate as a General Powers School District. As such it has all of the rights, powers, and duties expressly stated in statute; may exercise a power implied or incident to any power expressly stated in statute; and, except as provided by law, may exercise a power incidental or appropriate to the performance of any function related to the operation of the District in the interests of public elementary and secondary education in the District, including, but not limited to, all of the following:



Educating Students. In addition to educating students in grades K-12, this function may include operation of preschool, lifelong education, adult education, community education, training, enrichment, and recreation programs for other persons.



Providing for the safety and welfare of students while at school or at a school-sponsored activity or while enroute to or from school or a school-sponsored activity.



Acquiring, constructing, maintaining, repairing, renovating, disposing of, or conveying school property, facilities, equipment, technology, or furnishings.



Hiring, contracting for, scheduling, supervising, or terminating employees, independent contractors, and others to carry out District powers.


The District shall indemnify its employees.



Receiving, accounting for, investing, or expending District money; borrowing money and pledging District funds for repayment; and qualifying for State-School Aid and other public or private money from local, regional, State, or Federal sources.


The District may enter into agreements or cooperative arrangements with other entities, public or private, or join organizations as part of performing the functions of the School District.


The District is a body corporate and shall be governed by a school board. An act of this Board is not valid unless approved, at a meeting of the Board, by a majority vote of the members lawfully serving on the Board.


The Board may submit to the School electors a question that is within the scope of the powers of the School electors and that the Board considers proper for the management of the School system or the advancement of education in the School District. Upon the adoption of a question by the Board, the Board shall submit the question to the School electors by complying with Michigan election law (M.C.L. 168.312).


The Board shall adopt bylaws. These bylaws may establish or change Board procedures, the number of Board officers, titles and duties of Board officers, and any other matter related to effective and efficient functioning of the Board.


The Board has authority, based on statute, to make decisions regarding the following subjects without resort to prior bargaining:



the policyholder of the District's group insurance program



the starting day for the school year and the amount of student contact time to receive full State school aid



the composition of the District's site-based, decision-making groups or school-improvement committees



the decision whether or not to have inter-district and intra-district open-enrollment opportunities



the decision whether or not to permit authorization of Charter Schools (public school academies)



contracting with outside parties for noninstructional support services including the procedures for obtaining a contract, the identity of the outside party, and the impact on individual staff members or a bargaining unit



use of volunteers



decisions regarding the use of experimental or pilot programs including staffing, use of technology, provision of the technology, and the impact on individual staff members or a bargaining unit



compensation or reimbursement of a staff member for monetary penalties imposed on the staff member under M.C.L. 423.201, 202, 206, and 215



any decision regarding the placement of teachers, or the impact of that decision on an individual employee or the bargaining unit



decisions about the development, content, standards, procedures, adoption and implementation of policies regarding personnel decisions when conducting a staffing or program reduction or a position elimination for staff covered under the Teacher Tenure Act (M.C.L. 38.71), as well as decisions regarding recall or hiring after any such reduction


This includes the impact of any such decisions on an individual employee or the bargaining unit.



decisions about the development, content, standards, procedures, adoption and implementation of a performance evaluation system under M.C.L. 380.1249 for teachers and administrators



decisions concerning the content of a teacher's or administrator's performance evaluation or the impact of such decision



decisions about the format, timing or number of classroom observations required for evaluation under the Teacher Tenure Act (M.C.L. 38.83a)



decisions concerning the classroom observation of an individual teacher, and the impact of such decision on an individual teacher or the bargaining unit



decisions about the development, content, standards, procedures, adoption and implementation of the method of performance based compensation for teachers and administrators in accordance with M.C.L. 380.1250



decisions about how performance evaluation is used to determine the performance based compensation for teachers and administrators



decisions concerning the performance based pay of an individual teacher or administrator, or the impact of such decision on such individual or the bargaining unit



decisions about the development, content, standards, procedures, adoption and implementation of a policy regarding discipline or discharge for teachers covered under the Teacher Tenure Act (M.C.L. 38.71)



decisions concerning the discipline or discharge of a teacher covered under the Teacher Tenure Act (M.C.L. 38.71), or the impact of such decision on an individual teacher or the bargaining unit



insertion of statutorily required emergency manager language into all collective bargaining agreements



decisions on whether to enter into an intergovernmental agreement to consolidate, to jointly perform or to collaborate on one or more functions or services



procedures of obtaining a contract for such an agreement to transfer of functions or responsibilities



identities of any other parties to such an agreement



any requirement that would violate section 10(3), M.C.L. 423.210(3), (the requirement not to require union membership or the payment of dues, fees or charitable contributions in lieu of dues).



decisions about the development, format, content, and procedures of the notification to parents and legal guardians required under M.C.L. 380.1249a (the requirement to make the notifications is effective with the 2015-2016 school year)


M.C.L. 380.11a, 380.1131 et seq.


M.C.L. 423.201, 202, 206, and 215


M.C.L. 168.301 et seq.

Revised 12/9/96

Revised 1/05

Revised 6/18/12

Revised 6/27/13


Philosophy of the Board

A Board of Education is a legal entity for providing a system of public education within a geographic area of the State of Michigan. The system was created by, and is governed by, State statutes. Members of a Board are, therefore, State officers chosen by citizens to represent them and the State in the legislative management of the local schools.

The Board of Education has the dual responsibility for implementing statutory requirements pertaining to public education and for meeting the desires of the citizens. While the Board has an obligation to determine and assess citizen desires, it is understood that when the citizens elect delegates to represent them in the conduct of specified educational programs, they, at the same time, endow their representatives with the authority to exercise their best judgment in determining policies, making decisions, and approving procedures for carrying out the responsibility.

The Board declares and, thereby, reaffirms its intent to:



maintain two-way communications with citizens of the District. The Board shall keep them informed of the progress and problems of the School District, and the citizens shall be urged to bring their aspirations and concerns about the District to the attention of this body.



establish policies and make decisions on the basis of declared educational philosophy and goals.



act as a truly representative body for citizens in all matters related to programs and operations. The Board recognizes that ultimate responsibility for public education rests with the State, but the Board has been assigned specific authority through statute, and the Board shall not relinquish or fail to exercise that authority.

© Neola 2013