Kent City Community Schools
Bylaws & Policies


Whenever the following items are used in these bylaws, policies and administrative guidelines, they shall have the meaning set forth below:

Section 1. Definitions - Whenever the following items are used in these bylaws and policies, they shall have the meaning set forth below:


Administrative Guideline


A statement, based on policy, usually written, which outlines and/or describes the means by which a policy should be implemented and which provided for the management cycle of planning, action, and assessment or evaluation.




A collectively negotiated contract with a recognized bargaining unit.


Apps and Web Services


Apps/web services are software (i.e., computer programs) that support the interaction of personal communication devices (as defined in Bylaw 0100, above) over a network, or client-server applications in which the user interface runs in a web browser. Apps/web services are used to communicate/transfer information/data that allow students to perform actions/tasks that assist them in attaining educational achievement goals/objectives, enable staff to monitor and assess their students' progress, and allow staff to perform other tasks related to their employment. Apps/web services also are used to facilitate communication to, from and among and between, staff, students, and parents.




The Board of Education.




Rule of the Board for its own governance.


Classified or Support Employee


An employee who provides support to the District's program and whose position does not require a professional certificate.




The School District.


Due Process


Procedural due process requires prior knowledge (a posted discipline code), notice of offense (accusation), and the opportunity to respond.


Procedural due process does not require confrontation or cross examination of witnesses.


Full Board


Authorized number of voting members entitled to govern the District.


Information Resources


The Board defines Information Resources to include any data/information in electronic, audio-visual or physical form, or any hardware or software that makes possible the storage and use of data/information. This definition includes but is not limited to electronic mail, voice mail, social media, text messages, databases, CD-ROMs/DVDs, web sites, motion picture film, recorded magnetic media, photographs, digitized information, or microfilm. This also includes any equipment, computer facilities, or online services used in accessing, storing, transmitting or retrieving electronic communications.




This word is used when an action by the Board or its designee is permitted but not required.




Any gathering which is attended by or open to all of the members of the Board, held with the intent on the part of the members of the body present to discuss or act as a unit upon the specific public business of that body.




The natural or adoptive parents or individuals with a valid power of attorney for the care and custody of the student for purposes other than educational placement. Parent also refers to any individual appointed by the State or court as a legal guardian or custodian for the student. Both parents will have equal access to records and rights regarding the student's education absent a court order restricting such rights.


Personal Communication Devices


Personal communication devices ("PCDs") include computers, laptops, tablets, e-readers, cellular/mobile phones, smartphones, and/or other web-enabled devices of any type.




General written statement which signifies the position of the Board of Education concerning the functioning of the schools and which authorizes appropriate action and feedback.




The chief executive officer of the Board of Education. (see Bylaw 0170)




The educational leader and head administrator of one or more District schools. In policy and administrative guidelines, implies authority to delegate responsibilities to appropriate members of his/her staff.


Professional Staff Member


An employee who implements or supervises one or more aspects of the District's program and whose position requires a credential from the State Department of Education.




The mother, father, sister, brother, spouse, parent of spouse, child, grandparents, grandchild, or dependent in the immediate household as defined in the negotiated, collectively-bargained agreement.




The chief clerk of the Board of Education. (see Bylaw 0170)




This word is used when an action by the Board or its designee is required. (The word "will" or "must" signifies a required action.)




A person who is officially enrolled in a school or program of the District.




The chief operating officer of the School District.


Technology Resources


The Board defines Technology Resources to include computers, laptops, tablets, e-readers, cellular/mobile telephones, smartphones, web-enabled devices, video and/or audio recording equipment, projectors, software and operating systems that work on any device, copy machines, printers and scanners, information storage devices (including mobile/portable storage devices such as external hard drives, CDs/DVDs, USB thumb drives and memory chips), the computer network, Internet connection, and online educational services and apps.




The chief financial officer of the District. (See Bylaw 0170)


Vice President


The vice president of the Board.




A vote at a meeting of the Board of Education. The law requires that Board members must be physically present in order to have their vote officially recorded in the Board minutes.

Section 2. Citations- Citations to Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated (M.C.L.A.) are shown as M.C.L.A. followed by the Section Number (e.g., M.C.L.A. 380.114). Citations to the Michigan Administrative Code are prefaced A.C. Rule (e.g., A.C. Rule R380.221). Citations to the Federal Register are noted as FR and to the Code of Federal Regulations as CFR.

Revised 1/16/17

© Neola 2016