Hampshire County Schools
Bylaws & Policies


It is the policy of the Board of Education to provide transportation for students as required by State Code and West Virginia Board policy. The State Code authorizes the Board to provide, at public expense, adequate means of transportation: for all children of school age who live more than two (2) miles distance from the nearest available road; for children participating in Board-approved curricular and extracurricular activities; across county lines for students transferred from one school district to another by mutual agreement of both county Boards, as reflected in the minutes of each participating board; and within available revenues, for students within two (2) miles distance of the school. In the event topography, impassable roads, long bus rides or other conditions prevent the practicable transportation of any student to an in-county high school, the Board may transfer the student to a high school in an adjoining county or accept similarly situated students from an adjoining county. In such case, the Board may enter into an agreement providing for the payment of the cost for transportation, if any, for these students.

Guidelines for School Bus Routing

The recommended duration of the one-way school bus transportation time for students to and from school under normal weather and operating conditions are as follows for:



elementary school students, thirty (30) minutes;



middle school, intermediate school and junior high school students; forty-five (45) minutes; and



high school students, sixty (60) minutes.

The Board may not create a new bus route for the transportation of students in any of the grade levels pre-kindergarten through grade five to and from any school included in a school closure, consolidation or new construction project approved after July 1, 2008 which exceeds by more than fifteen (15) minutes the above recommended duration of the one-way school bus transportation time for elementary students unless:



the Board adopts a separate motion to approve creation of the route and request written permission of the WVBE to create the route;



receives the written permission of the WVBE to create the route.

The Board may not create, nor may the WVBE permit, the creation of a new bus route for the transportation of students in any of the grade levels pre-kindergarten through grade five to and from any school included in a school closure, consolidation or new construction project approved after the first day of July 1, 2008 which exceeds by more than thirty (30) minutes the recommended duration of the one-way school bus transportation time for elementary students adopted by the WVBE.

School buses shall be purchased and maintained by the Board for the transportation of resident students between their home areas and the schools of the County to which they are assigned or, on a space-available basis, to their nonpublic schools. The Superintendent may substitute smaller buses for reasons of economy or efficiency of operation. In the event students eligible for special education or Section 504 services require special transportation arrangements, the terms of such arrangements as contained in a student's IEP or Section 504 Plan shall prevail to the extent such transportation arrangements conflict with this policy.

Transportation of eligible vocational or special education children between their home areas and schools outside the County may be arranged through the use of Board-owned vehicles, through cooperation with other counties, through commercial carriers, and/or by other means in the most efficient and economical manner.

The Superintendent or designee shall approve the bus routes annually. The Superintendent or designee is authorized to make any necessary changes in the approved route.

School Bus Stop Locations



Ideally, bus stops should be located out of the traffic stream at least .20 miles apart.



For bus stop locations near a railroad crossing, consideration should be given to the traffic flow in the area and to assure that adequate distance is allowed for traffic to clear the railroad tracks. The safety of the general motorists should be taken in consideration.



With irregular terrain, the highest priority in establishing a bus location should be the safety of the students. Every effort should be made by county school officials to select a safe bus stop with ample waiting areas for students.



The minimum sight distance should be related to the approved speed of traffic. The approved speed is the posted speed limit, advisory speed limit or a value judged to most accurately represent the prevailing speed at a specific location.



Sight distance needed on a level grade for essential speeds is as follows:





Speed (mph)

Sight Distance

Sight Distance



300 feet

139 feet



360 feet

176 feet



420 feet

219 feet



480 feet

263 feet



540 feet

314 feet



600 feet

369 feet



660 feet

432 feet



The West Virginia Division of Transportation (hereinafter, "DOT") and District Traffic Engineers will provide assistance in the selection and the use of school bus STOP signs which warn motorists of the presence of students as a bus stop. The county shall request the DOT for assistance if needed.



Bus stops should be located to minimize students walking along unsafe highways.



A school bus operator shall contact the transportation director when a bus stop is determined to be unsafe. The transportation director shall evaluate and take action to relocate the stop to a safer place, if necessary.



School bus operators are to pick up and discharge students only at the designated locations. A guardian shall be at the bus stop for pickup and delivery of his/her child enrolled in preschool.



When possible, a bus stop shall be 200 feet from the crest of a hill or a curve, if the view of approaching traffic is obstructed.

The Board authorizes the installation and use of video recording devices in the school buses to assist the drivers in providing for the safety and well-being of the students while on a bus and the "Student Code of Conduct" shall be applicable to all students while being transported by bus. In the event video recording devices have audio recording capabilities, the bus shall contain an appropriate posted notice of such capabilities.

The Board is also authorized to mount a camera on any school bus for the purpose of enforcing the law forbidding the overtaking and passing a school bus that is stopped for the purpose of receiving and discharging students and for any other lawful purpose.

Students meeting the Federal definition of "homeless" will be transported from their temporary place of residence to their school of assignment, at the request of the parent, guardian or unaccompanied minor, to the same extent as all other students of the County and consistent with this Policy. If the homeless child or youth continues his/her education in the school of origin but begins living in an area served by another county, the county of origin and the county in which the homeless child is living shall agree upon the method to apportion the responsibility and costs for providing the child with transportation to and from the school of origin. If the counties cannot agree upon a method, the responsibility and costs for transportation are to be shared equally. In no event will a homeless student be denied enrollment based on issues related to student transportation.

Should any bus operator be disqualified from performing the duties of bus operator through the revocation or suspension of bus operator certification or through the revocation or suspension of commercial driverís license, as a result of criminal conviction or for any other reason, the bus operator shall be deemed incompetent and shall be subject to disciplinary action up to and including termination of employment.

The Superintendent shall be responsible for developing and implementing appropriate administrative guidelines for this policy.

WV Board of Education policy 4373
WV Board of Education policy 4336
WV Code 18-5-13, 18-5-16, 18A-5-1
WV Code 17C-12-7(g)
42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.
49 C.F.R. 392.80

Revised 9/21/09
Revised 7/5/11
Revised 2/6/12
Revised 9/9/13

© Neola 2013